MGetCmdOutput.bas

 Attribute VB_Name = "MGetCmdOutput"
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''
'' Name:         MGetCmdOutput
'' Filename:     MGetCmdOutput.bas
'' Author:       Mattias Sjögren (mattias@mvps.org)
''               http://www.msjogren.net/dotnet/
''
'' Description:  Generic module for launching a console app and
''               capture its output.
''
''
'' Copyright ©2000-2001, Mattias Sjögren
''
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Option Explicit

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'''   Constants   '''
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' STARTUPINFO flags
Private Const STARTF_USESHOWWINDOW = &H1
Private Const STARTF_USESTDHANDLES = &H100

' ShowWindow flags
Private Const SW_HIDE = 0

' DuplicateHandle flags
Private Const DUPLICATE_CLOSE_SOURCE = &H1
Private Const DUPLICATE_SAME_ACCESS = &H2

' Error codes
Private Const ERROR_BROKEN_PIPE = 109


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'''   Types   '''
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Private Type SECURITY_ATTRIBUTES
  nLength As Long
  lpSecurityDescriptor As Long
  bInheritHandle As Long
End Type

Private Type STARTUPINFO
  cb As Long
  lpReserved As String
  lpDesktop As String
  lpTitle As String
  dwX As Long
  dwY As Long
  dwXSize As Long
  dwYSize As Long
  dwXCountChars As Long
  dwYCountChars As Long
  dwFillAttribute As Long
  dwFlags As Long
  wShowWindow As Integer
  cbReserved2 As Integer
  lpReserved2 As Long
  hStdInput As Long
  hStdOutput As Long
  hStdError As Long
End Type

Private Type PROCESS_INFORMATION
  hProcess As Long
  hThread As Long
  dwProcessId As Long
  dwThreadId As Long
End Type


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'''   Declares   '''
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Private Declare Function CreatePipe Lib "kernel32" ( _
  phReadPipe As Long, _
  phWritePipe As Long, _
  lpPipeAttributes As Any, _
  ByVal nSize As Long) As Long

Private Declare Function ReadFile Lib "kernel32" ( _
  ByVal hFile As Long, _
  lpBuffer As Any, _
  ByVal nNumberOfBytesToRead As Long, _
  lpNumberOfBytesRead As Long, _
  lpOverlapped As Any) As Long

Private Declare Function CreateProcess Lib "kernel32" Alias "CreateProcessA" ( _
  ByVal lpApplicationName As String, _
  ByVal lpCommandLine As String, _
  lpProcessAttributes As Any, _
  lpThreadAttributes As Any, _
  ByVal bInheritHandles As Long, _
  ByVal dwCreationFlags As Long, _
  lpEnvironment As Any, _
  ByVal lpCurrentDriectory As String, _
  lpStartupInfo As STARTUPINFO, _
  lpProcessInformation As PROCESS_INFORMATION) As Long

Private Declare Function GetCurrentProcess Lib "kernel32" () As Long

Private Declare Function DuplicateHandle Lib "kernel32" ( _
  ByVal hSourceProcessHandle As Long, _
  ByVal hSourceHandle As Long, _
  ByVal hTargetProcessHandle As Long, _
  lpTargetHandle As Long, _
  ByVal dwDesiredAccess As Long, _
  ByVal bInheritHandle As Long, _
  ByVal dwOptions As Long) As Long

Private Declare Function CloseHandle Lib "kernel32" ( _
  ByVal hObject As Long) As Long

Private Declare Function OemToCharBuff Lib "user32" Alias "OemToCharBuffA" ( _
  lpszSrc As Any, _
  ByVal lpszDst As String, _
  ByVal cchDstLength As Long) As Long


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'''   Public methods   '''
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'
' Function GetCommandOutput
'
' sCommandLine:  [in] Command line to launch
' fStdOut        [in,opt] True (defualt) to capture output to STDOUT
' fStdErr        [in,opt] True to capture output to STDERR. False is default.
' fOEMConvert:   [in,opt] True (default) to convert DOS characters to Windows, False to skip conversion
'
' Returns:       String with STDOUT and/or STDERR output
'
Public Function GetCommandOutput(sCommandLine As String, Optional fStdOut As Boolean = True, _
                                 Optional fStdErr As Boolean = False, Optional fOEMConvert As Boolean = True) As String

  Dim hPipeRead As Long, hPipeWrite1 As Long, hPipeWrite2 As Long
  Dim hCurProcess As Long
  Dim sa As SECURITY_ATTRIBUTES
  Dim si As STARTUPINFO
  Dim pi As PROCESS_INFORMATION
  Dim baOutput() As Byte
  Dim sNewOutput As String
  Dim lBytesRead As Long
  Dim fTwoHandles As Boolean
 
  Dim lRet As Long
 
 
  Const BUFSIZE = 1024      ' pipe buffer size
 
  ' At least one of them should be True, otherwise there's no point in calling the function
  If (Not fStdOut) And (Not fStdErr) Then Err.Raise 5         ' Invalid Procedure call or Argument
 
  ' If both are true, we need two write handles. If not, one is enough.
  fTwoHandles = fStdOut And fStdErr
 
  ReDim baOutput(BUFSIZE - 1) As Byte

  With sa
    .nLength = Len(sa)
    .bInheritHandle = 1    ' get inheritable pipe handles
  End With
 
  If CreatePipe(hPipeRead, hPipeWrite1, sa, BUFSIZE) = 0 Then Exit Function
 
  hCurProcess = GetCurrentProcess()
 
  ' Replace our inheritable read handle with an non-inheritable. Not that it
  ' seems to be necessary in this case, but the docs say we should.
  Call DuplicateHandle(hCurProcess, hPipeRead, hCurProcess, hPipeRead, 0&, _
                       0&, DUPLICATE_SAME_ACCESS Or DUPLICATE_CLOSE_SOURCE)
 
  ' If both STDOUT and STDERR should be redirected, get an extra handle.
  If fTwoHandles Then
    Call DuplicateHandle(hCurProcess, hPipeWrite1, hCurProcess, hPipeWrite2, 0&, _
                         1&, DUPLICATE_SAME_ACCESS)
  End If
 
  With si
    .cb = Len(si)
    .dwFlags = STARTF_USESHOWWINDOW Or STARTF_USESTDHANDLES
    .wShowWindow = SW_HIDE          ' hide the window
   
    If fTwoHandles Then
      .hStdOutput = hPipeWrite1
      .hStdError = hPipeWrite2
    ElseIf fStdOut Then
      .hStdOutput = hPipeWrite1
    Else
      .hStdError = hPipeWrite1
    End If
  End With
   
  If CreateProcess(vbNullString, sCommandLine, ByVal 0&, ByVal 0&, 1, 0&, _
                   ByVal 0&, vbNullString, si, pi) Then
   
    ' Close thread handle - we don't need it
    Call CloseHandle(pi.hThread)
   
    ' Also close our handle(s) to the write end of the pipe. This is important, since
    ' ReadFile will *not* return until all write handles are closed or the buffer is full.
    Call CloseHandle(hPipeWrite1)
    hPipeWrite1 = 0
    If hPipeWrite2 Then
      Call CloseHandle(hPipeWrite2)
      hPipeWrite2 = 0
    End If

    Do
      ' Add a DoEvents to allow more data to be written to the buffer for each call.
      ' This results in fewer, larger chunks to be read.
      'DoEvents
     
      If ReadFile(hPipeRead, baOutput(0), BUFSIZE, lBytesRead, ByVal 0&) = 0 Then Exit Do
     
      If fOEMConvert Then
        ' convert from "DOS" to "Windows" characters
        sNewOutput = String$(lBytesRead, 0)
        Call OemToCharBuff(baOutput(0), sNewOutput, lBytesRead)
      Else
        ' perform no conversion (except to Unicode)
        sNewOutput = Left$(StrConv(baOutput(), vbUnicode), lBytesRead)
      End If
     
      GetCommandOutput = GetCommandOutput & sNewOutput
     
      ' If you are executing an application that outputs data during a long time,
      ' and don't want to lock up your application, it might be a better idea to
      ' wrap this code in a class module in an ActiveX EXE and execute it asynchronously.
      ' Then you can raise an event here each time more data is available.
      'RaiseEvent OutputAvailabele(sNewOutput)
    Loop
   
    ' When the process terminates successfully, Err.LastDllError will be
    ' ERROR_BROKEN_PIPE (109). Other values indicates an error.
   
    Call CloseHandle(pi.hProcess)
   
  End If
 
  ' clean up
  Call CloseHandle(hPipeRead)
  If hPipeWrite1 Then Call CloseHandle(hPipeWrite1)
  If hPipeWrite2 Then Call CloseHandle(hPipeWrite2)
 
End Function

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